[12][13], Another hypothesis suggests the "guinea" in the name is a corruption of "Guiana", an area in South America. [68][73] The cecotropes are eaten directly from the anus, unless the guinea pig is pregnant or obese. This creates a condition known as "anal impaction", which prevents the animal from redigesting cecotropes even though harder pellets may pass through the impacted mass. [7], The Chinese refer to the animal as 豚鼠 (túnshǔ, 'pig mouse'), and sometimes as Netherlands pig (荷蘭豬, hélánzhū), or Indian mouse (天竺鼠, tiānzhúshǔ). Signs of toxemia include: anorexia (loss of appetite), lack of energy, excessive salivation, a sweet or fruity breath odor due to ketones, and seizures in advanced cases. The guinea pig lover expected to start slowly, but found herself with 20 guinea pigs with health problems within the first month. The most common varieties found in pet stores are the English shorthair (also known as the American), which have a short, smooth coat, and the Abyssinian, whose coat is ruffled with cowlicks, or rosettes. You were warned in the 'About' section that we are not a pinteresty family and here is the proof. [8], How the animals came to be called "pigs" is not clear. The Fairy Caravan, a novel by Beatrix Potter,[123] and Michael Bond's Olga da Polga series for children,[124] both feature guinea pigs as the protagonist. [129] The 2009 Walt Disney Pictures movie G-Force features a group of highly intelligent guinea pigs trained as operatives of the U.S. government. If you have a specific time that you normally feed your guinea pig, you will usually hear them wheek l… Chirping, a less common sound, likened to, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 13:17. The Bible is clear that our being created in the image of God does not lessen our responsibility to steward the physical world well, but heightens it. [62] After its cage has been cleaned, a guinea pig typically urinates and drags its lower body across the floor of the cage to mark its territory. [161] In the past, they were widely used to standardize vaccines and antiviral agents; they were also often employed in studies on the production of antibodies in response to extreme allergic reactions, or anaphylaxis. These varieties vary in hair and color composition. Despite their common name, guinea pigs are not native to Guinea, nor are they closely biologically related to pigs, and the origin of the name is still unclear. [96] Other serious complications during pregnancy can include a prolapsed uterus, hypocalcaemia, and mastitis. In the 1960s a modern breeding program was started in Peru that resulted in large breeds known as cuy mejorados (improved cuy). Large litters result in higher incidences of stillbirth, but because the pups are delivered at an advanced stage of development, lack of access to the mother's milk has little effect on the mortality rate of newborns. tend to be most active during dawn and dusk (crepuscular), "tenjiku-nezumi – Meaning in Japanese | 天竺鼠 – Names of Animals in Japanese", "Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil", "The associative processes of the guinea pig: A study of the psychical development of an animal with a nervous system well medullated at birth", "Ancient and modern steps during domestication of guinea pigs (, "Molecular systematics, taxonomy and biogeography of the genus Cavia (Rodentia: Caviidae)", "Domestication of guinea pigs from a southern Peru-northern Chile wild species and their middle pre-Columbian mummies", "Female Novelty and the Courtship Behavior of Male Guinea Pigs", Harkness and Wagner's Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents, 5th Edition, "En Suisse, les animaux domestiques doivent obligatoirement être en couple", "Severe Allergic Reactions to Guinea Pig", "Occupational Health and Safety for Staff with Substantial Contact with GUINEA PIGS", "Slogan Doctor Egg: 'You know where you are with egg, "Super Bowl Ads, Like the Game, Disappoint", "The current stage and future prospects of guinea pig production under smallholder conditions in West Africa", "Declaran el segundo viernes de octubre será el Día Nacional del Cuy", The origins and development of African livestock: Archaeology, genetics, linguistics and enthnography, Possibilités de développement de l'élevage du cobaye en Afrique subsaharienne: le cas du Cameroun, "Voluntary intake, chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of fresh forages fed to guinea pigs in periurban rearing systems of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo)", Analysis of the extent of human pressures and impact on natural forests of UNILEVER Tea Tanzania Limited (UTT). This might take place if the original parents die or are for some reason separated from them. "Commentary Mini" for Episode 11, Season 12: Blench, R.M. [152] In 1780, Antoine Lavoisier used a guinea pig in his experiments with the calorimeter, a device used to measure heat production. [84] Additionally, any plant which grows from a bulb (e.g., tulip or onion) is normally considered poisonous,[85] as well as ivy and oak tree leaves. [42] Larger groups of startled guinea pigs "stampede", running in haphazard directions as a means of confusing predators. The 'guinea' part of the name is perplexing. [90][91] In smaller litters, difficulties may occur during labour due to oversized pups. [30] Its binomial scientific name was first used by Erxleben in 1777; it is an amalgam of Pallas' generic designation (1766) and Linnaeus' specific conferral (1758). [87], The gestation period lasts from 59 days (1.9 months) to 72 days (2.4 months), with an average of 63–68 days. The negative connotation of the term was later employed in the novel The Guinea Pigs (1970) by Czech author Ludvík Vaculík as an allegory for Soviet totalitarianism. The scientific name of the common species is Cavia porcellus, with porcellus being Latin for "little pig". [137] The Peruvian town of Churin has an annual festival which involves dressing guinea pigs in elaborate costumes for a competition. Marketers tried to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.[4].
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